The Hot Dock

an image of the cover for the book "The Hot Dock" showing a cartoon of a young boy jumping off a dock into a lake- IT IS ESSENTIAL TO PRE-TEACH THE CONCEPTS INTRODUCED IN EACH BOOK PRIOR TO READING! -

The Hot Dock - Teacher Tip Sheet

Yellow Series - Book 5 - The Hot Dock

Grapheme/Phoneme Correspondence

Tips and Activities to Try

Introduced in This Book

  • consonant digraphs <ck>/k/ and <ff>/f/
  • <z>/z/

Previously Introduced


  • short <a>/ă/, short <o>/ŏ/, short <i>/ĭ/, short <u>/ŭ/


  • <c>/k/, <g>/g/, <s>/s/ and /z/, <d>/d/, <h>/h/, <m>/m/, <n>/n/, <p>/p/, <t>/t/, <b>/b/, <f>/f/, <r>/r/, <l>/l/


  • <th>/TH/ voiced (only in the)

Additional Concepts

  • final consonant cluster <nd>(only in and)

Key Concepts to Understand

  • graphemes can represent more than one phoneme (e.g., <s> can represent /s/ and /z/ - this has already been explored)
  • students can now begin to explore the concept that phonemes can be represented by more than one grapheme
  • introduce <z> is another grapheme that can represent /z/
  • <ck> is a digraph - a digraph is a grapheme comprised of 2 letters representing one phoneme, in this case, /k/ (students have also been introduced to <c> representing the phoneme /k/)
  • <ff> is a digraph - this digraph represents the phoneme /f/

Words and Phrases for Reading and Writing

Here is a list of words that can be used for phonemic awareness activities, reading, dictation, games cards, etc.:

  • sack, back, lack, hack, sick, lick, lock, sock, luck, tuck, muck, deck, off, puff, cuff, tiff, zip, zap, zig, zag, rag, ran, man, tan, runs, lip, lap, lug

Here is a word chain you could complete with blending cards:

  • sack → lack → pack → pick → lick → sick → sock → lock → pock → puck → puff → cuff → cup → pup → pip → zip → zap → zag → zig

Here are phrases that can be used for reading and/or dictation practice. These phrases can be combined to create sentences. A good opportunity arises to address syntax if the resulting sentence is not grammatically correct (e.g., Zack and his dog picks up the pot. → Zack and his dog pick up the pot.)

Noun Phrases

Verb Phrases

Prepositional Phrases

a big rip

hops up

in his pack

a zig zag

has bad luck

on his cuff

his lock

picks up the pot

off the dock

Zack and his dog

zips the bag

in his sock


Orthographic Conventions/Patterns and Generalisations

Tips and Activities to Try

  • use <ck> to represent /k/ at the end of a base after single (short) vowel 

Key Concepts to Understand

  • the digraph <ck> representing /k/ is found in final base position, after a single short vowel

Activities to Try


Tips and Activities to Try

Previously Introduced

  • suffix <-s> third person singular

Note: Once a morpheme has been introduced, it will be listed in this section. Not all concepts will be included in every subsequent book, but they can be included in “Words and Phrases for Reading and Writing” for consolidation.

  • note suffix <-s> as students encounter it and support where needed

Comprehension Corner - The Hot Dock

Vocabulary Development

  • What is a dock? Where do you find docks?
  • What does Zack have on his arms? What are they for?

Making Connections

  • Have you ever gone swimming in a lake?
  • Have you ever jumped into water? What did you jump off?


  • Why do you think the dock is so hot?
  • Why is Zack no longer hot?


  • Can you retell the story?


Tip Sheet written by Shari Kudsia and Helen Maclean - April 2023 - ©SyllaSense Inc.