On The Rug - Tip Sheet

an image of the cover for the book "On the Rug" showing a cartoon of a girl sitting on a carpet with a dog and cat in her lap- IT IS ESSENTIAL TO PRE-TEACH THE CONCEPTS INTRODUCED IN EACH BOOK PRIOR TO READING! -

On the Rug - Teacher Tip Sheet

Yellow Series - Book 4 - On The Rug

Grapheme/Phoneme Correspondence

Tips and Activities to Try

Introduced in This Book

  • <r>/r/, <l>/l/

Previously Introduced


  • short <a>/ă/, short <o>/ŏ/, short <i>/ĭ/, short <u>/ŭ/


  • <c>/k/, <g>/g/, <s>/s/ and /z/, <d>/d/, <h>/h/, <m>/m/, <n>/n/, <p>/p/, <t>/t/, <b>/b/, <f>/f/


  • <th>/TH/ voiced (only in the)

Additional Concepts

  • final consonant cluster <nd> (only in and)

Key Concepts to Understand

  • <r> and <l> are referred to as liquid consonants (see Orthographic Conventions)

Words and Phrases for Reading and Writing

Here is a list of words that can be used for phonemic awareness activities, reading, dictation, games cards, etc.:

  • lap, lad, lid, lit, run, ran, rid, rug, runs, rip, rim, rod, ram, rap, hops, sets, gets, hits, digs, sits, sips, fits, pig, nut, has, fan, tan, man, can, not, hop, pop

Here is a word chain you could complete with blending cards:

  • ran → rat → rap → rip → rim → ram → bam → ban → pan → pat → pot → lot → lit → lip → lid → lad → lap

Here are phrases that can be used for reading and/or dictation practice. These phrases can be combined to create sentences.

Noun Phrases

Verb Phrases

Prepositional Phrases

the man

gets a lid

at the fun run

his fat lip

is not hot

on his lap

a red lid

digs a big pit

in the red can

the hot hut

rips the mat

on a rug


You can differentiate for your students by dropping some of the words in these phases (e.g., “his fat lip” can just be “his lip”).

Orthographic Conventions/Patterns and Generalisations

Tips and Activities to Try

  • concept of liquid consonants

Key Concepts to Understand

  • <r> and <l> are referred to as liquid consonants
  • liquids are consonant speech sounds where the tongue creates a partial closure - the air flows either to the side of the mouth (/l/) or still forward and over the tongue (/r/) - this creates a vowel-like sound
  • liquids tend to be among the later-developing speech sounds in children - can be difficult to pronounce and spell


Tips and Activities to Try

Introduced in this Book

  • concept of “base” (free base can stand alone as a word) and concept of “suffix”
  • suffix <-s> (both /s/ and /z/) as third person singular verb present tense

Note: there are two other functions of suffix <-s>: plural as in cats and possessive as in cat’s, which will be introduced later in the series

Key Concepts to Understand

  • a base is a structural element that forms the foundation of a written word (the term “root” refers to the etymological/ historical source of the base) 
  • a free base is a base that functions independently/forms a complete English word on its own
  • a suffix is a morpheme attached after a base - often changes the grammatical structure or the “sense” of a word

Key Concepts to Understand

  • the suffix <-s> represents the unvoiced phoneme /s/ if it follows an unvoiced phoneme (e.g., jumps, hits)
  • the suffix <-s> represents the voiced phoneme /z/ if it follows a voiced phoneme (e.g., digs, calls)
  • the suffix <-s> can indicate third person singular present tense (e.g., she jumps, he runs, Sue hits, etc.)

Comprehension Corner - On the Rug

Vocabulary Development

  • What does it mean when something tips?
  • What is a rug? Can you think of other words we use for a rug?

Making Connections

  • Do you have a pet? If you were able to get any pet, which would you choose?


  • How do you think Lan feels when Dog jumps on her lap?
  • How do you think Lan is feeling at the end of the story? How do you know?


  • Can you retell the story?
  • Which part of the story did you like the most?


Tip Sheet written by Shari Kudsia and Helen Maclean - April 2023 - ©SyllaSense Inc.